You can use any material in your home to make a protective mask at home. Using these materials correctly and in proportion will protect you from viruses and spread the environment to a certain extent. Since the most important thing here is that viruses do not spread around, you can use homemade masks to prevent the spread of the virus more. We have tried to explain the construction of a protective mask briefly and clearly by giving different materials below.
Does Homemade Filtered Masks Protect?
A number of studies have been conducted on the degree of protection of homemade filter masks. As a result of the tests conducted according to this research, the rates below have been reached. The source related to these rates is also mentioned in the bibliography at the end of the article.
Homemade Mask from Bed Sheets
When the bed sheet is in a difficult situation, it can be used to make a protective mask from viruses. According to this research, using the sheets as a mask suitable for the mouth as several layers can provide 61.67% filtering against viruses.
Mask Made Using T-shirt
The filtering degree of the face mask made using a 100% cotton t-shirt is 50.85%. You can cut the face mask made using T-shirt according to the proportions of your face as you wish and evaluate it to be double or single coat.
Making a Mask from Kitchen Cloth
The classic kitchen cloths we know also provide a nice filtering against viruses. Accordingly, if you cut your kitchen cloth and cover your mouth, nose and lower part of your face so that it does not get air from the sides, it provides a 72.46% filtering against viruses. It is worth remembering that this rate is 89% in the most sought-after surgical masks.
Protection from Viruses Using Weft
Scarves are a material that provides a filtering against viruses, even if a little. When the mouth and nose were closed using a scarf, it provided a 48.87% filtering against viruses. When you are in difficult situations, you can mask it by using scarf for instant precaution.
Making a Mask with a Vacuum Cleaner Filter
It is very interesting that when the filter of the vacuum cleaner is cut and sewn so that it can be used as a mask, its filtering against viruses is 85.95%. This rate is very close to the surgical mask.
Requirements for Making Fabric Masks
If you want to make your own mask at home, you can make molds out of cardboard according to your face type. You can take the first step by cutting the fabrics you cut in a square shape of about 18 cm x 18 cm and putting the fabrics on top of each other. After this step, you can use rubber for the rubber part of your mask, if available at home. You need to assemble these tires by suturing and securing them beautifully on both sides of the mask. By the way, you can also use the fabrics called American cloth for mask making, it will give you confidence as it will be more durable and thicker. If you want your mask to be different from other masks, you can use the packaging wires in the fridge bags at home for the wire in the masks. By attaching this packing wire to the top of your mask, you can sew it on top so you get a complete mask. If you have an intention to buy a protective mask, keep in mind that the brand you will buy must comply with the degree of protection.
There are also some things to consider when wearing a surgical mask
At this point, it is also necessary to write down the things that should be considered during the use of surgical masks made at home. Regardless of the type of the mask, you must disinfect your hands both when wearing and removing. Before you put on your mask, disinfect your hands and hold your mask by the rubber on both sides, then place your mask properly around your ears and finish the fit. Of course, you need to do the same while removing the mask. Disinfect your hands against possible viruses in your mask, grasp the two rubber sides of your mask, pull and remove them. Place your mask in a refrigerator bag and tie it in the bag you use for rubbish. Even if you wear gloves while wearing your mask, you must first disinfect your hands even when wearing gloves. Remember, the virus settles in your body through your mouth, nose, and eyes. If you disinfect enough, you can prevent the virus from reaching places close to your body.